Throughout West Africa the aromatic roots, stem bark and leaves are commonly used in traditional medicine. They are considered antiseptic, analgesic and diaphoretic. Root or stem bark macerations, decoctions or infusions are widely taken to treat malaria, fever, sickle cell anaemia, tuberculosis, paralysis, oedema and general body weakness. They are also widely taken to treat intestinal problems, including colic, dysentery, intestinal worms, gonorrhoea and urethritis, but also as an emmenagogue, stimulant and to treat pain during childbirth, migraine and neuralgia. The roots are externally applied to ulcers, swellings, haemorrhoids, abscesses, snake bites, yaws, wounds leprosy and syphilitic sores as well as rheumatic and arthritic pain and hernia.